Dewonkify: 302(b) Allocation

Term: 302 (b) Allocation

Definition: Each year, the House and Senate Appropriations Committees receive an overall funding allocation for the coming federal fiscal year. The House and Senate Appropriations Committees then, respectively, decide on how to apportion the overall amount to each of their corresponding 12 subcommittees. The amount assigned to each of the 12 subcommittees is known as a 302(b) allocation and taken together the 12 assigned amounts are known as 302(b) allocations. From this funding allocation starting point, the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees distribute federal spending authority throughout the specific departments, agencies, and programs under their  jurisdiction.

Used in a sentence:  “[Senator] Mikulski said that she and [Congressman] Rogers have discussed allotments, which appropriators call ‘302(b) allocations,’ for their section in the 1974 budget act. ‘I know what his are, but ours will be different,’ she said.”

-The Hill

 History:  The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 is a law that modifies Congress’ role with respect to the federal budgeting process. (Government Printing Office Public Law 93-344) The main provisions of the law created a process whereby both chambers of Congress agree on a single concurrent budget resolution. which is not signed by the President. Additionally, during budget debates members may raise budget points of order to have specific language removed from underlying legislation. (Senate Budget Committee) The final agreed upon Concurrent resolution passed in both chambers sets an overall top level spending figure (302(a) allocation) to guide appropriators as they craft the 12 individual appropriations bills. The chairs of the Appropriations Committees of the House and Senate then each release a document setting their respective top line numbers for each of the 12 appropriations bills, known as  302(b) allocations, named after section 302(b) of the Congressional Budget Control Act. The 302(b) allocations outline the maximum spending levels for each of the 12 individual spending measures. It is not uncommon for the House and Senate to apportion funding differently and for the 302(b) allocations between the chambers to diverge. These differences usually get resolved during either a formal or informal conference committee between House and Senate Appropriators.

 

This entry was posted in 113th Congress, Appropriations, Budget, Dewonkify, House, Senate and tagged , , , , , , , , by Jose Woss. Bookmark the permalink.
Jose Woss

About Jose Woss

José Woss is passionate about policy issues and the legislative process. José works closely with the team to research policy and legislative matters to find creative approaches to client needs. He focuses his work primarily on health care issues, global health policy, and foreign relations. He assists clients with scheduling and coordination of Hill days and meetings with Congressional staff. José enjoys monitoring important Congressional and regulatory matters. Additionally, drawing from his personal appreciation for technology and social media, he works to promote the success of both the team and the team’s clients through Twitter. Before joining the District Policy Group, José worked for U.S. Senator Robert Menendez (D-NJ). As a staff assistant and interim deputy press secretary, he honed his passion for policy and advocacy. José currently lives in Washington, D.C. Previously, José was an advocate in the New York/New Jersey region. He worked directly with underrepresented communities as a social worker in Housing Works’ Brooklyn, NY office and as a case aid/interpreter for West African refugees with the International Institute of New Jersey in Jersey City, NJ. José graduated from Montclair State University with a bachelor’s degree in french translation and international studies. He is currently pursuing a Master of Public Administration at American University. He loves to bike long-distance, and listen to podcasts, including the BBC World Service, political satire and commentary, and NPR.

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